Highways and Public Works

Car Seat Safety - Stage Two

This stage is a forward-facing child seat. Your child must weigh over 10 kg(22 lb) and walking unassisted (usually one year of age). 

Click here to watch video
           Guide to Installing a Forward-Facing Car Seat


There are two main areas of consideration for this stage:

Installation of your car seat into the vehicle
Securing your child

*The most common mistake is to graduate your child to the next stage too early. If you have the ability to keep your child in the current stage longer before going to the next stage, he/she will be safer. For example: If your child is 5 years old and 22 kg (48 lb), and your current car seat is capable of carrying a child up to 29 kg (65 lb) with a harness system, your child would be safer to stay in the harness system car seat until he/she reaches its weight limit, rather than if he/she graduated to a booster seat at 22 kg (48 lb).  Please contact us if you require further assistance.

A common complaint in the Yukon is the fact that when it is snowsuit weather, your child’s car seat seems too small. Winter clothing is bulky and prevents proper securement of the harness straps, therefore we recommend use of blankets on your child, after they are secured in their car seat, to keep them warm.


Installation of your forward-facing car seat into your vehicle

Step 1: Read your manuals

  • Ensure you have read both your vehicle manual and car seat instruction manual prior to installing your car seat.
    - Your vehicle manual will let you know where your vehicle manufacturer recommends placing your car seat and how your vehicle seat belts may be used with car seats.
    - Your car seat instruction manual should let you know how to use your car seat.

Step 2: Pick a seating position

  • The best location for any car seat is in the centre back seat. However, in some vehicles and situations this is not possible.
  • Any seating location that you pick, you will need to check that 80% of your car seat base is supported by the vehicle seat.
    - If this can not be achieved, you will need to find a new seating position or a different car seat.
  • If your vehicle is equipped with side air bags, please click here for more information before installing your car seat.

Step 3: Decide if you are using your Universal Anchorage System (UAS) or a seatbelt

  • They are both equally safe, but sometimes one may be easier than the other for installation purposes. You can not use both.
  • Universal Anchorage System: If you wish to use your UAS, click here for more information. Ensure you check your vehicle manual for seating positions that allow the use of UAS.
  • Seatbelt: Know how your vehicle seat belt works for car seats. Ensure that your seat belt will stay locked. The most common type of seat belt has a switchable retractor, meaning if you pull your lap/shoulder belt all the way out, it will click, engaging the locking mechanism  (you will hear a ratcheting sound as it goes back in). You will notice that as it goes back in, it locks and will only tighten.
    If your seat belt does not do this, please refer to your vehicle manual to find out how your seat belt works.

Step 4: Installation

  • To properly secure a car seat, place your car seat onto your vehicle seat as directed by your car seat manual,  push the sides of the car seat down and into the vehicle upholstery, place all your weigh onto the car seat (this will hold it in position and make it easier to secure), route your seat belt or UAS through as directed by your car seat manual, and  pull belt tight. 
  • Locate the tether anchor in your vehicle, attach your tether strap to it and pull as tight as possible. If you have a movable head rest, route your tether strap underneath or over your headrest depending on the vehicle owners manual. 

Note: All passenger vehicles manufactured after 2002 will have a tether anchor installed from the manufacturer. If your vehicle is older than that or you can not locate one, you will have to go to your dealer and have one installed.****In Canada, you can not use a forward-facing car seat with harness system without a tether strap******

Step 5: Check your installation

  • To check if your car seat is installed tight enough, place one hand on each side of the car seat where the seat belt or UAS goes through it and try to pull it towards each side door of the vehicle. If your car seat moves more than one inch in either direction, it is not correctly installed and you will need to try again.

Securing your child into the car 

Step 1: Place your child in the car seat

  • Ensure your child is sitting up properly in the car seat. Position the harness straps over your child’s shoulders. Ensure the harness straps are at or above your child's shoulder level.  See your car seat manual for directions on how to adjust the harness system.
  • Ensure the harness straps are flat and not twisted or folded as this will alter the performance of the harness system.
  • Securely latch the harness to the crotch buckle assembly and secure the chest clip.

Step 2: Tighten the harness system

  • Tighten the harness as indicated in your car seat manual so that only one finger fits between the harness and your child's collar bone. (You can also use the pinch test to see if it is tight enough. Take your fore finger and thumb and try and pinch the harness lengthwise. This test should be done slightly below their collar bone. If you can grab any of the harness, it is not tight enough and needs to be adjusted). Please contact us for further assistance.

Step 3: Adjust your chest clip

  • Ensure the chest clip is positioned at the arm pit level. The chest clip will hold the shoulder harness over the child's shoulders which prevents the harness straps from slipping off.  


****Please also read our aftermarket products and winter clothing section with regards warnings for the use of  winter clothes and car seats.****



Further information:

Transport Canada - Stage Two

Canada Safety Council - Stage Two


Contact Car Seat Safety Program

Government of Yukon
Department of Highways and Public Works
Box 2703 (W-17)
Whitehorse, YT Y1A 2C6

Phone: (867) 667-5832
Toll free (in Yukon): 1-800-661-0408, local 5832
Fax: (867) 667-5799
Email: road.safety@gov.yk.ca